The Resource "...All Those Problems That Bilinguals Have" : Codeswitching and the Bilingual's Attitude
- "...All Those Problems That Bilinguals Have" : Codeswitching and the Bilingual's Attitude
- Title remainder
- Codeswitching and the Bilingual's Attitude
- Statement of responsibility
- Sandra Hale
- A study investigated the attitudes of bilinguals toward each language and toward language mixing (codeswitching), expressions of identity, and how this relates to linguistic behavior. Subjects were 15 undergraduate students of Spanish-English interpreting and translation at an Australian university whose age (19-53), language proficiency, and years of residence in Australia varied. All were of Spanish-speaking background and had tested at a required level of bilingualism but were categorized as low, medium, or high bilingual. Data were gathered in structured interviews. Subjects were told to use either language as they felt most comfortable. Instances of codeswitching were analyzed for syntactic function in the utterance, intra- or intersentential nature, and features preceding and following the instances. Fillers, idiomatic expressions, and tags were coded. Results are reported, with quotations, in the areas of language attitudes, identity problems encountered in association with bilingualism, and patterns in syntactic categories of codeswitching. Results indicate most respondents were prejudiced against codeswitching and consciously avoided it in speech in any context. While they acknowledged a tendency to codeswitch, they also viewed it as a deficiency related to bilingualism. However, the more balanced the level of bilingualism, the more frequent and complicated the codeswitching behavior. Contains 29 references. (MSE)
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- technical reports
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